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Poland, A country in central Europe. Poland is located at a geographic intersection that links the wooded lands of northwestern Europe to the sea trading routes of the Atlantic Ocean and the lush plains of the Eurasian borderland. Today it is bounded by seven nations, Poland has grown followed by declines over the past centuries, shaken & piqued by the forces of provincial history. In the early Middle Ages, Poland’s small principalities and townships were overwhelmed by alternating tides of invaders, from Prussians and Baltic peoples to Mongols. by the mid-1500s, consolidated Poland was the largest state in Europe conceivably the continent’s most powerful nation. Yet less than 300 years later, in the time of the Partitions of Poland (1772–1918), it disappeared, doling out among the belligerent supremacy of Russia, & an emerging Germany Following its victory in the Austro-Prussian War.
Polish culture remained strong even at a time of national low points; indeed, it even blossomed, even if often far from home, Polish radical ideals, carried by such notable stalwarts as Kazimierz Pułaski, Tadeusz Kościuszko, acquainted with those of the American Revolution. The Polish constitution of 1791, the earliest in Europe, in turn, integrated the ideals of the American and French revolutions. Poles later landed in great numbers in the United States, Canada, Argentina, and Australia carrying their culture with them. Polish artists of the Romantic period, such as the composer Frédéric Chopin, and poet Adam Mickiewicz, were the prominent brilliance on the European continent in the 19th century. Following their example, Polish academics, musicians, filmmakers, and writers endure gracing the world’s arts and .